Earth-Affecting Solar Causes Observatory (EASCO): A potential International Living with a Star Mission from Sun-Earth L5
|Titre||Earth-Affecting Solar Causes Observatory (EASCO): A potential International Living with a Star Mission from Sun-Earth L5|
|Type de publication||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Auteurs||Gopalswamy, N, Davila, JM, Cyr, OCSt., Sittler, EC, Auchere, F, Duvall, TL, Hoeksema, JT, Maksimovic, M, MacDowall, RJ, Szabo, A, Collier, MR|
|Journal||Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial PhysicsJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics|
|Date Published||April 1, 2011|
This paper describes the scientific rationale for an L5 mission and a partial list of key scientific instruments the mission should carry. The L5 vantage point provides an unprecedented view of the solar disturbances and their solar sources that can greatly advance the science behind space weather. A coronagraph and a heliospheric imager at L5 will be able to view CMEs broadsided, so space speed of the Earth-directed CMEs can be measured accurately and their radial structure discerned. In addition, an inner coronal imager and a magnetograph from L5 can give advance information on active regions and coronal holes that will soon rotate on to the solar disk. Radio remote sensing at low frequencies can provide information on shock-driving CMEs, the most dangerous of all CMEs. Coordinated helioseismic measurements from the Sun-Earth line and L5 provide information on the physical conditions at the base of the convection zone, where solar magnetism originates. Finally, in situ measurements at L5 can provide information on the large-scale solar wind structures (corotating interaction regions (CIRs)) heading towards Earth that potentially result in adverse space weather.